About India

About India

India, officially the Republic of India is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people. India is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy in the world.

India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+5.5).


Geography of India

It is flanked by the Indian Ocean on the South, the Arabian Sea on the Southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the Southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the West; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the Northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the East. India shares its naval border with Sri Lanka and Maldives in the South. India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

India experiences variety of climates ranging from tropical in the South to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan North. The elevated areas receive sustained snowfall during winters. The Himalayas and the Thar Desert strongly influence the climate of the country. The Himalayas work as a barrier to the frigid katabatic winds, which blow down from Central Asia. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country and this makes its climate more tropical.


History of India

The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism; the onset of a succession of powerful dynasties and empires for more than three millennia throughout various geographic areas of the subcontinent, including the growth of Muslim dominions during the Medieval period intertwined with Hindu powers; the advent of European traders and privateers, resulting in the establishment of British India; and the subsequent independence movement that led to the Partition of India and the creation of the Republic of India.


Culture of India

India has a rich and multi-layered culture dominated by religious and spiritual ethos. India's cultural heritage is expressed through its myriad languages and it has a vast repertoire of classical and folk music, art and theatre, customs and religions.

India is well known all over the world as a country of festivals. Each and every festival is celebrated uniquely according to the rituals and beliefs. Each festival has its own history, legend and significance of celebration.

Festivals in India are characterized by colour, vivacity, enthusiasm, prayers and rituals. Some of the major festivals are Holi, Diwali, Eid, Gurupurab, Christmas. This country is a perfect example of unity in diversity as people from different religions like Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, Christianity and etc.


Cuisine of India

The traditional food of India has been widely appreciated for its fabulous use of herbs and spices. Indian cuisine is known for its large assortment of dishes. The cooking style varies from region to region and is largely divided into South Indian & North Indian cuisine.


Textiles & Fabrics of India

Textile in India represents yet another cultural diversity. India is associated with a variety of fabrics from across the regions. From urban to rural populace, cloth is used in a different ways and styles.

The textiles of each state are manufactured by different techniques which make use of different designs, dyes, fabrics and vibrant colours. The specialty in the weave of the textiles in each region is developed based on location, climate and cultural influences.


Transport

Transport in India consists of transport by land, water and air. Public transport remains the primary mode of transport for most Indian citizens, and India's public transport systems are among the most heavily used in the world. India's rail network is the 4th longest and the most heavily used system in the world.


Places to visit in and around Delhi

Chandni Chowk

The Chandni Chowk is one of the oldest, busiest and largest wholesale markets in India. It is located in the ancient Walled City of Delhi. This densely populated market has been around for more than three centuries and you may buy jewellery, clothes, spices and other curios and souvenirs from here.

Location: Old Delhi

Distance from Pullman: 20 Kilometres (Approx)

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, Metro, Autorickshaws

Nearby Places: Red Fort, Nai Sarak, Daryaganj


Daryaganj

Daryaganj is a locality that fall under the central district of Delhi. It is located inside the walled city of Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi). Every Sunday, a book market is set up in Daryaganj. This book market (Old Book Market ) is often referred to as the world's largest weekly book market.

Most of the books available here are used. Besides the throwaway price, the availability of a wide variety and out-of-print, difficult-to-find books draws buyers here. Name any genre and you can find your favourite book here.

Location: Old Delhi

Distance from Pullman: 19 Kilometres (Approx)

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, Metro, Auto

Nearby Places: Red Fort, Nai Sarak, Daryaganj


Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid in Old Delhi is the largest in India. It was built by Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor who built the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort. Travellers can hire robes at the northern gate. This may be the only time you get to dress like a local without feeling like an outsider so make the most of it.

Location: Old Delhi

Distance from Pullman: 19 Kilometres (Approx)

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, Metro, Auto

Nearby Places: Red Fort, Nai Sarak, Daryaganj


India Gate

India Gate is situated in the centre of Delhi, standing at one end of the Rajpath. On the other end of Rajpath is the Rashtrapati Bhavan. India Gate commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British Army during the World War I. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is the eternal flame burns day and night under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their lives in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.

Location: New Delhi

Distance from Pullman: 17.5 Kilometres (Approx)

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, Metro, Auto

Nearby Places: Rashtrapati Bhavan, Connaught Place, Janpath, Old Fort


Rashtrapati Bhavan

Rashtrapati Bhavan is home to the President of India. This presidential palace was completed in the year 1929. The famous Mughal Gardens of the Rashtrapati Bhavan cover an area of 15 acres and have 159 celebrated varieties of roses, 60 varieties of bougainvillea and many other verities of flowers.

Location: New Delhi

Distance from Pullman: 17.5 Kilometres (Approx)

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, Metro, Auto

Nearby Places: Rashtrapati Bhavan, Connaught Place, Janpath, Old Fort

Note: For the convenience of the general public, Delhi Tourism has extended the facility of Ho-Ho Buses to the Rashtrapati Bhavan.


Humayun's Tomb

As the name suggests , it is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. The tomb, was built in 1570 and is of particular cultural significance as it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It inspired several major architectural innovations, culminating in the construction of the Taj Mahal.

Location: New Delhi

Distance from Pullman: 20 Kilometres (Approx)

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, Metro, Auto

Nearby Places: India Gate, Lodhi Garden, Old Fort


Old Fort (Purana Quila)

Old Fort is built on the site of the most ancient of the numerous cities of Delhi, Indraprastha, Purana Quila is roughly rectangular in shape having a circuit of nearly two kilometers. The thick ramparts crowned by merlon have three gateways provided with bastions on either side. It was surrounded by a wide moat, connected to river Yamuna, which used to flow on the east of the fort.

Purana Quila is the venue for the spectacular sound and light show held every evening.

Location: New Delhi

Distance from Pullman: 22 Kilometres (Approx)

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, Metro, Auto

Nearby Places: India Gate, Lodhi Garden, Humayun's Tomb


Taj Mahal, Agra

The Taj Mahal is an awe-inspiring poetry in marble that stands high and serene by the banks of the River Yamuna. It is considered to be one the finest examples of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Location: Agra

Distance from Delhi:

  • Road: 235 Kilometres via Taj Expressway, 231 Kilometres via NH19 and NH44
  • Rail: 200 Kilometres

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, trains

Nearby Places: Agra Fort, Sadar Bazaar, Fatehpur Sikri


Jaipur

Jaipur is the capital city of Rajastahn in India and it holds the distinction of being the first planned city of India. Jaipur combines the allure of its ancient history with all the advantages of a metropolis. The bustling modern city is one of the three corners of the golden triangle that includes Delhi, Agra and Jaipur.

Jaipur is also known as the Pink City. The pink that colours the city makes for a marvellous spectacle to behold. Jaipur rises up majestically against the backdrop of the forts Nahargarh, Jaigarh and Garh Ganesh Temple.

Distance from Delhi:

  • Road: 306 Kilometres
  • Rail: 309 Kilometres

How to Reach: Hired Cars/Taxis/Cabs, buses, trains

About India